Data & Research

Explore industry research about SmartCells, as well as more data about our own internal testing results.

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Study: Subjective, physiological and biomechanical responses to prolonged manual work performed standing on hard and soft surfaces

The aim of this laboratory study was to examine the subjective, physiological and biomechanical responses to prolonged light repetitive manual work during standing on soft (polyurethane standard mat) and hard (aluminum casting) surfaces.

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Study: Standing and very slow walking: foot pain-pressure threshold, subjective pain experience and work activity.

Abstract: Prolonged standing is described as uncomfortable by exposed workers, but the discomfort has not been linked to precise descriptions of workplace activity. We observed 10 sales and kitchen workers ("group 1") who worked standing. We compared the plantar pain-pressure threshold (PPT) of "group 1" (10 standing workers) to that of "group 2" (11 researchers who could choose their posture freely).

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Study: Enhanced oxidative stress in workers with a standing occupation.

BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies have shown a statistically significant association between standing work and chronic venous insufficiency of lower limbs. This condition has been associated with an enhanced oxidative stress that, according to the literature, could represent a risk factor for cardiovascular and other systemic diseases.

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Study: European guidelines for prevention in low back pain

The primary objective of the European evidence-based guidelines is to provide a set of recommendations that can support existing and future national and international guidelines or future updates of existing back pain guidelines.

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Study: A comparison of the effects of floor mats and shoe in-soles on standing fatigue.

In assembly line positions and other occupations, employees experience pain and discomfort associated with long periods of standing. Modifying flooring is a common intervention method used to alleviate problems associated with constrained standing. This study investigated the effects of four different standing conditions upon assembly workers' perception of general fatigue and discomfort associated with various body parts following 1 week of 8-h days of exposure to each condition.

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Study: Effects of local fatigue of the lower limbs on postural control and postural stability in standing posture.

Postural stability and postural control were studied before and after a fatigue protocol of soleus muscles. Postural stability was assessed by the centre of gravity motion, which was computed from the motion of the centre of pressure, evaluating the postural control. Ten healthy male subjects were asked to stand as still as possible with eyes open before and after the fatigue protocol, performed in a sitting position.

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Study: Strength capabilities and subjective limits in repetitive manual exertions: task and hand dominance effects.

Abstract: Strength and subjectively determined exertion limits are used widely for ergonomic evaluation. Although compilations of such data for the hand and finger exist, several important limitations include the use of inexperienced participants and constrained postures. In this study both strength and maximum acceptable limits (MAL, 2-hour duration) were obtained from both industrial workers and inexperienced volunteers in 10 simulated hand-intensive automotive assembly tasks.

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Study: Effect of Flooring on Standing Comfort and Fatigue

This study investigated the influence of flooring on subjective discomfort and fatigue during standing and on potentially related objective measures.

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Study: Hand forces exerted by long-term care staff when pushing wheelchairs on compliant and non-compliant flooring

In this study, researchers studied the amount of force required by caregivers to push a resident in a wheelchair across the room. The test compared effects on hand force over vinyl and carpet as well as concrete subfloors vs SmartCells compliant subflooring.

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Study: Low stiffness floors can attenuate fall-related femoral impact forces by up to 50% without substantially impairing balance in older women

Using hip impact simulators to assess femoral neck force from a fall, this study compared the effectiveness of four energy-absorbing floors (SmartCell, SofTile, Firm Foam, Soft Foam) compared to a rigid floor. Results suggest SmartCells Fall Protection Flooring remains the safest solution for balance-impaired fallers.

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